Skip to main content

History of CCTV

The first CCTV system was installed by Siemens AG at Test Stand VII in Peenemünde, Nazi Germany in 1942, for observing the launch of V-2 rockets.[9] The noted German engineer Walter Bruch was responsible for the technological design and installation of the system.

Closed circuit TV monitoring at the Central Police Control Station, Munich Germany in 1973.

A typical CCTV control-room set-up, Alkmaar, Netherlands in 2007.

Desk in one of the regional control-rooms of the National Police in the Netherlands in 2017.

CCTV control-room monitor wall for 176 open-street cameras in 2017.

In the U.S. the first commercial closed-circuit television system became available in 1949, called Vericon. Very little is known about Vericon except it was advertised as not requiring a government permit.

Technology

The earliest video surveillance systems involved constant monitoring because there was no way to record and store information. The development of reel-to-reel media enabled the recording of surveillance footage. These systems required magnetic tapes to be changed manually, which was a time consuming, expensive and unreliable process, with the operator having to manually thread the tape from the tape reel through the recorder onto an empty take-up reel. Due to these shortcomings, video surveillance was not widespread. VCR technology became available in the 1970s, making it easier to record and erase information, and use of video surveillance became more common.

During the 1990s, digital multiplexing was developed, allowing several cameras to record at once, as well as time lapse and motion-only recording. This increased savings of time and money which then led to an increase in the use of CCTV.

Recently CCTV technology has been enhanced with a shift toward Internet-based products and systems, and other technological developments.


Application

Closed-circuit television was used for professional boxing, as a form of pay-per-view theatre television. Boxing telecasts were broadcast live to a select number of venues, mostly theaters, where viewers paid for tickets to watch the fight live. The first fight with a closed-circuit telecast was Joe Louis vs. Joe Walcott in 1948.

Closed-circuit telecasts peaked in popularity with Muhammad Ali in the 1960s and 1970s, with "The Rumble in the Jungle" fight drawing 50 million CCTV viewers worldwide in 1974 and the "Thrilla in Manila" drawing 100 million CCTV viewers worldwide in 1975. Closed-circuit television was gradually replaced by pay-per-view home cable television in the 1980s and 1990s.

In September 1968, Olean, New York was the first city in the United States to install video cameras along its main business street in an effort to fight crime. Another early appearance was in 1973 in Times Square in New York City. The NYPD installed it in order to deter crime that was occurring in the area; however, crime rates did not appear to drop much due to the cameras.

Nevertheless, during the 1980s video surveillance began to spread across the country specifically targeting public areas. It was seen as a cheaper way to deter crime compared to increasing the size of the police departments. Some businesses as well, especially those that were prone to theft, began to use video surveillance. 

From the mid-1990s on, police departments across the country installed an increasing number of cameras in various public spaces including housing projects, schools and public parks departments. CCTV later became common in banks and stores to discourage theft, by recording evidence of criminal activity. In 1998, 3,000 CCTV systems were in use in New York City. A study by Nieto in 2008 found many businesses in the United States had invested heavily in video surveillance technology to protect products and promote safe workplace and consumer environments.

A nationwide survey of a wide variety of companies found that 75 percent utilize CCTV surveillance. In private sector CCTV surveillance technology is operated in a wide variety of establishments such as in industry / manufacturing, retailing, financial / insurance / banking, transportation and distribution, utilities / communications, health care, and hotels / motels, parking areas, jewelry shops.

Experiments in the UK during the 1970s and 1980s, including outdoor CCTV in Bournemouth in 1985, led to several larger trial programs later that decade. The first use by local government was in King's Lynn, Norfolk, in 1987. These were deemed successful in the government report "CCTV: Looking Out For You", issued by the Home Office in 1994, and paved the way for an increase in the number of CCTV systems installed. Today, systems cover most town and city centres, and many stations, car-parks and estates.

Source
History of Close-circuit Television

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Must Read This Before Renting

Please buy spy camera detector before renting any room or house. Please use it before going into any rented room or house.  Did I say please?
It's for your own good in privacy matters. You should read this recent article related to privacy issues.
Man arrested for allegedly filming tenants in bathroom with hidden camera A 38-year-old Jackson man spent the weekend in jail after police said they found a hidden camera in the bathroom of an apartment he manages.
"There were multiple videos of several different victims in a nude state,” said Jackson Police Lt. Roger Schultz.
The victims called police on Riley Sills after Sills sent them a picture of one of his tenants in the bathroom.
He threatened to send the photo to police, claiming he had caught one of them snorting drugs in his house.
Jackson police received a search warrant and found a hidden camera in the bathroom, disguised as a digital clock.
"The pin hole lens was almost invisible,” Schultz said. The camera mostly …

Tutorial How to Install IP Camera

Before you start installing your own IP camera, you need the right tools to do it. Another important thing you need to know is the location you want to put your IP camera. You may need  to buy some or all of the item in the list to install IP camera.
9 items to install IP Camera 1) IP Camera Of course you need IP camera to install IP camera.
2) RJ45 Cable You can use cable Cat 5 or Cat 5e or Cat 6.
3) Cable connector If you need to cut RJ45 cable, you need cable connector to connect it back with the cable.
4) EZ RJ45 Crimper You need this tool if you want to cut and connect the RJ45 cable.

5) Network LAN Hub Adapter If you have more than one IP camera, you shall use this to connect it to your computer.

6) Desktop computer
You need a desktop computer with internet connection so you can download the software to install IP camera.

7) Pencil Use it to mark on the wall, ceiling or any place you need to make hole on it.
8) Impact drill Be careful with this thing. Try to avoid using it unless you hav…

Identity Theft and Invasion of Privacy

What is spy? Spy is secretly obtaining information about certain individuals, groups, countries or any organization. Identity Theft or Invasion of Privacy? Spying could be both. Even stolen credit card information can be used to alter an individual's identity. Skip this part if you don't have a credit card.
How they steal your identity from your credit card? Firstly, they might use the credit card information to run up huge bills, forcing the credit card firms to suffer large losses or they might sell the information to other who is interested to do the same thing. Secondly, they might create new identities. For example, a criminal might contact the issuing bank of a stolen credit card and change the mailing address on the account.
Next, the criminal may get a passport or drivers license with his own picture but with the victim's name. With a driver's license, the criminal can easily acquire a new Social Security card. It is then possible to open bank accounts and rece…